[4] Fisheries and aquaculture make use of Jersey's marine resources to a total value of over £6 million in 2009.[4]. [81] Duty-free goods are available for purchase on travel to and from the island. The question of an independent Jersey has been discussed from time to time in the States Assembly. Jersey has one of the lowest voter turno… 9 May is celebrated as the island's Liberation Day, where there are celebrations in Liberation Square. The RNLI established a lifeboat station in 1884. For Horse racing, Les Landes Racecourse can be found at Les Landes in St. Ouen next to the ruins of Grosnez Castle. From the 1960s Portuguese workers arrived, mostly working initially in seasonal industries in agriculture and tourism. United Kingdom immigration legislation may be extended to Jersey by order in council (subject to exceptions and adaptations) following consultation with Jersey and with Jersey's consent. Water supplies in Jersey are managed by Jersey Water. The traditional folk music of Jersey was common in country areas until the mid-20th century. This competition law was based on that of other jurisdictions. Jersey Island is certainly not the largest since it is only 8 kilometers long and 14.5 kilometers wide. The German blacklisting of the island had to be hastily revoked when this was pointed out. The most notable exurban development is the Les Quennevais area, which is home to a small precinct of shops, a park and a leisure centre. It negotiates directly with foreign governments on matters within the competence of the Government of Jersey. Many people in these communities regularly travel to St Helier for work and leisure purposes. [21] Jèrriais nonetheless survives; around 2,600 islanders (three percent) are reckoned to be habitual speakers, and some 10,000 (12 percent) in all claim some knowledge of the language, particularly amongst the elderly in rural parishes. Water in Jersey is almost exclusively from rainfall-dependent surface water. Food is not exempt, unlike with VAT. It is now a state in the United States.[35][36]. Jersey has a special relationship with the European Union (EU). Jersey Swimming Club have organised an annual swim from Elizabeth Castle to Saint Helier Harbour for over 50 years. [54], Jersey is a member of the British-Irish Council, the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association and the Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie. People travelling to Jersey from any other European Union (EU) and Eu… Administratively, Jersey is divided into 12 parishes. The motto around the milled edge of Jersey pound coins is Insula Caesarea (Island of Jersey). An independent body that promotes sports in Jersey and support clubs, 'Jersey Sport' was launched in 2017[117]. First held in 2008, the Branchage Jersey International Film Festival[111] attracts filmmakers from all over the world. Jersey has two public indoor swimming pools. EU applicant Turkey, former EU member state the United Kingdom and two bordering micro-states — Andorra and San Marino — are in a Customs Union with the EU. In 2017, 101 water pollution incidents were reported, an increase of 5% on 2016. EU country / Territories related with EU countries The tables below provide a list of the EU countries and certain territories where the EU rules regulating customs, VAT and excise apply or not apply. In July 2009, a Channel Islands Tunnel was proposed to connect Jersey with Lower Normandy. There are customs and immigration officers, who can freely check anyone coming through. They are a British Crown dependency. Vardon and Ray also won the U.S. Open once each. It lies within longitude -2° W and latitude 49° N. It has a coastline that is 70 km long and a total area of 119 square kilometres. The Royal Channel Island Yacht Club is based in Jersey. We shall start with the Bhasin case. The EEA includes EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. Details of any changes to the previous version can be found in paragraph 1.2 of this notice.Parts of this notice have the force of law under section 30(6) of the VAT Act 1994 and regulation 129 of the VAT Regulations 1995. It includes 49 elected members: 8 senators (elected on an island-wide basis), 12 Connétables (often called 'constables', heads of parishes) and 29 deputies (representing constituencies), all elected for four-year terms as from the October 2011 elections. "The Crown" is defined by the Law Officers of the Crown as the "Crown in right of Jersey". Following Louis Napoléon's coup of 1851, more French proscrits arrived. [31] The Dukes of Normandy owned considerable estates in the island, and Norman families living on their estates established many of the historical Norman-French Jersey family names. Search. [70] It is the largest and southernmost of the Channel Islands and part of the British Isles, with a maximum land elevation of 143 m (469 ft) above sea level. The Island of Jersey is located at just 22 kilometers off the coast of France and 137 kilometers south from the English coast. Gross national income in 2009 was £3.7 billion (approximately £40,000 per head of population). Jersey has a college of further education and university centre, Highlands College. The Atlantic Ocean has a moderating effect on temperature in Jersey, as water has a much greater specific heat capacity than air and tends to heat and cool slowly throughout the year. Seafood has traditionally been important to the cuisine of Jersey: mussels (called moules in the island), oysters, lobster and crabs – especially spider crabs – ormers and conger. Its official name was the Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community. The Latin name Caesarea was also applied to the colony of New Jersey as Nova Caesarea.[25][26]. Jersey was invaded by Vikings in the 9th century. The Jersey House Price Index has doubled between 2002 and 2020. [23] The name Caesarea has been used as the Latin name for Jersey (also in its French version Césarée) since William Camden's Britannia,[24] and is used in titles of associations and institutions today. The Institute of Law is Jersey's law school, providing a course for students seeking to qualify as Jersey advocates and solicitors. The growth of this sector however has not been without its controversies as Jersey has been characterised by critics and detractors as a place in which the "leadership has essentially been captured by global finance, and whose members will threaten and intimidate anyone who dissents. The Centenier is the only officer authorised to charge and bail offenders. In 2016, Brittain shocked the world by choosing to leave the EU. Jersey law has been influenced by several different legal traditions, in particular Norman customary law, English common law and modern French civil law. Contemporary authors based in Jersey include Jack Higgins. Davies, Religion, History and G.R. The first lifeboat was equipped, funded by the States, in 1830. The term Great Britain is the collective name for England Scotland and Wales. The festival is regularly held in Howard Davis Park, St Saviour. [127], Trees generally considered native are the alder (Alnus glutinosa), silver birch (Betula pendula), sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa), hazel (Corylus avellana), hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), beech (Fagus sylvatica), ash (Fraxinus excelsior), aspen (Populus tremula), wild cherry (Prunus avium), blackthorn (Prunus spinosa), holm oak (Quercus ilex), oak (Quercus robur), sallow (Salix cinerea), elder (Sambucus nigra), elm (Ulmus spp.) The highest point on the island is Les Platons at 136 m.[72]. By self-governance, the islands would have their government and legislature to make their laws, and the UK would handle the defense of the island against possible French aggression. Jersey, the whole Channel Islands and the Cotentin peninsula (probably with the Avranchin) came formally under the control of the duke of Brittany during the Viking invasions, because the king of the Franks was unable to defend them, however they remained in the archbishopric of Rouen. Balleine: The Reformation in Jersey, by J. St John Nicolle, The Pilot Magazine, The Reformation in Jersey: The Process of Change over Two centuries, J. St John Nicolle, The Chroniques de Jersey in the light of contemporary documents, BSJ, AJ Eagleston, The Portrait of Richard Mabon, BSJ, Joan Stevens, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 21:20. [9] It is the second-closest of the Channel Islands to France, after Alderney. Answer The island of Jersey is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island. [128], Notable marine species[129] include the ormer, conger, bass, undulate ray, grey mullet, ballan wrasse and garfish. Providing you are lawfully in the UK and will be travelling according to your immigration permissions, you will not need a separate visa to travel to Jersey. The referendum was known as Brexit. Under Protocol 3, Jersey was part of the European Union Customs Union of the European Community. It also provides teaching for students enrolled on the University of London LLB degree programme, via the International Programmes. The south and east coasts from St Aubin to Gorey are largely urbanised, with only small gaps in their development, such as the Royal Golf Course in Grouville. Jersey's external relations minister says he is "evaluating possibilities" in case the United Kingdom votes to leave the EU after the next general election. The highest temperature recorded was 36.0 °C (96.8 °F) on 9 August 2003 and again on 23 July 2019,[77] and the lowest temperature recorded was −10.3 °C (13.5 °F) on 5 January 1894. The treaty of Rome is seen as the formation of what is now called the EU. Jersey is part of the British Isles, which is a cluster of islands found in the North Atlantic Ocean covering an area of 121,684 square miles. The Green lizard (Lacerta bilineata) is a protected species of reptile; Jersey is its only habitat in the British Isles. A Guide to The Dolmens of Jersey, Peter Hunt, Statements in Stone: Monuments and Society in Neolithic Brittany, Mark Patton, 1993, The Channel Islands, An Archaeological Guide, David Johnston, 1981, The Archaeology of the Channel Islands, Peter Johnston, 1986, One Hundred Years of the Royal Jersey Agricultural and Horticultural Society 1833–1933. BBC Radio Jersey provides a radio service, and BBC Channel Islands News with headquarters in Jersey provides a joint television news service with Guernsey. The island is recognised as one of the leading offshore financial centres. After 1944, supplies from mainland France were interrupted by the D-Day landings, and food on the island became scarce. Although GST is at 5%, shopping in Jersey is still far more expensive than in the UK. Apples historically were an important crop. The Channel Islands were one of the last places in Europe to be liberated. By Vic Lang'at Junior on December 14 2018 in World Facts. "[41] In June 2005 the States introduced the Competition (Jersey) Law 2005[80] to regulate competition and stimulate economic growth. 52% of the land area is dedicated to cultivation and around 18% is the natural environment.[71]. For other uses, see, Saint Helier is the de facto capital of Jersey, being the seat of the island's government, however Government House, the official royal residence of the island, is located in. [92] Approximately half the island's population was born in Jersey; 31% of the population were born elsewhere in the British Isles, 7% in continental Portugal or Madeira, 8% in other European countries and 4% elsewhere.[93]. Another estimated 515,700 m3 of water is abstracted for domestic purposes from private sources (around 9% of the population). Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie, Special member state territories and the European Union, Learn how and when to remove this template message, VAT-free imports from the Channel Islands, Branchage Jersey International Film Festival, States of Jersey Customs and Immigration Service, "Bulletin 2: Place of birth, ethnicity, length of residency, marital status", "Jersey's population increases by 1100 in the last year", "Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index", "Framework for developing the international identity of Jersey", "WRITTEN QUESTION P-3620/02 by Wolfgang Ilgenfritz (NI) to the Commission. In the 21st century, diversification of agriculture and amendments in planning strategy have led to farm shops replacing many of the roadside stalls. The European Commission has confirmed that the Code is not a legal instrument, and therefore is not legally binding, only becoming of limited "political" authority once a unanimous report has been adopted by the Group at the end of the Presidency concerned. [131], Historically the island has given its name to a variety of overly-large cabbage, the Jersey cabbage, also known as Jersey kale or cow cabbage. In 2015, Jersey's first ever national survey of religion found that two fifths of Jersey people have no religion, with only small handfuls of Jersey people belonging to the non-Christian religions. Jersey is officially a British Crown Dependency that forms part of the British Isles but is not classed as being part of the UK. The Battle of Jersey lasted about half an hour, with the English successfully defending the island. On 18 February 2005, Jersey was granted Fairtrade Island status.[84]. Frederick Tennyson and Gerald Durrell were among authors who made Jersey their home. A Catholic order of Sisters has a presence in school life. [37] The Jersey way of life involved agriculture, milling, fishing, shipbuilding and production of woollen goods. [106], Bailiwick Express is one of Jersey's digital online news sources. By comparison, higher temperatures are found in mainland United Kingdom, which achieved 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) in Faversham, Kent on 10 August 2003. The impact of the Atlantic Ocean and coastal winds ensure that Jersey is slightly cooler than the southern and central parts of England during the summer months. The Islanders would also pick twelve of their best men to be jurats and sit with the bailiff to form the royal court, and a warden would be appointed by King George to be governor on his behalf. The Jersey cricket team competed in the World Division 4, held in Tanzania in October 2008, after recently finishing as runners-up and therefore being promoted from the World Division 5 held in Jersey. 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