May I know do I need to request Visa if I transit 3 hours via Beijing to Seoul. So, I assume I cannot use if I am going to submit form to Penang Visa Centre. visas to Malaysia from China. Do you know if the 6 months/ 12 months multiple entries visa is open for traveller (with no intention of carrying out business) to apply so? Size: 48mm x 33mm), Flight Ticket Copy or Proof of hotel reservation. Hi, they dont have to be present, you can apply on behalf. I will be going to Guangzhou for 5D4n. For Malaysian Citizen. +603-2164-5555   For more detailed info, you can CLICK HERE. hi, is it must purcharse air ticket 1st before applying the China visa? The duration of stay in China (for each entry) is up to 60 days for U.S. passport holder, and 30 days for non U.S. passport holder. can i submit and collect VISA on behalf of my parents ? Hi, they will call you to collect it. i am planning to get my train tickets into shenzhen there then! I would like to apply 12mth multiple business visa…, Hi, you can check with travel agents like Reliance or Holiday Tour. Is it a must to fill in the form online? Convenience Fee: $25 USD; Visa Fee: equivalent to $15 USD in local currency ; Service Charge: equivalent to $1.5 USD in local currently (10% of visa fee) You will pay 3 different fees for your Malaysia eVisa. Copyright © 2019 | All rights reserved. I don’t want to risk the loss for the air ticket that’s why I’m asking for your opinion. or only penang and KL? The Malaysian e-Visa is available to nationals of China, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Serbia,Pakistan and Montenegro. I will travel between Hong Kong and the mainland multiple times. The Malaysian eVISA is an electronically issued Single Entry Visa (SEV) which authorizes stays of up to thirty (30) consecutive days. Any contact number of agent residing in Penang to handle this. Passport have more than 4 blank pages. You should ask the Embassay office they can advise u better! If you need to make a China visa application in Malaysia we have all the info to help you apply for your China visa in Kuala Lumpur. BHD. Hi Ntony, why dont you apply in Taiwan? As I know, we can enter China anytime before the expiry date on 23rd March 2019. Citizens from Malaysia also can get on-arrival or e-visa from 52 countries but needs to get a visa … China tourist visa (l) fees for citizens of Malaysia . Information on the flights you intend to book or in some cases, the flight tickets. Or you can pay for the SMS service, Hi Tommy I need to apply visa to china for my kids below 3 years old, according to travel agency i need to apply personally at embassy of china, can you advice what is the step, thanks, Hi, embassy of China doesnt process visa application. No worries! Therefore, i have bought my hk air tickets. I have a work permit for Vietnam but my wife do not have. Applicant is not required to be present when applying for visa and a total of 6 documents are required. RM 100 for a regular single-entry work visa. eNTRI (Express) USD 115. I visited China once during Sep-18 for business purpose. I heard that we need to have a return ticket to apply for the china visa. Yes rush would be able collect the next day, Hi Tommy Am residing in Penang and would like to apply student visa for my daughter to China for further studies in one of the Unis there. Steps to self apply the Chinese Travel Visa. If you are a national of India and China, you are eligible for a Malaysian Visa On Arrival. I am currently in China. Hi Tommy. Is it possible to apply without a purchasing a flight ticket? +6012 2223800   Refer the Schedule of Fees for the visa application. 3. Visa fees (Ringgit) Malaysian Citizen Single Entry: 30 Double Entry: 50 6-Month Multiple Entry: 80 12-Month/24-month Multiple Entry: 120 US Citizen 465 Other Country Citizen Single Entry: 130 Double Entry: 200 6-Month Multiple Entry: 250 12-Month Multiple Entry: 400 Express Service: 100 (3 working days) Rush Service: 140 (same day) Application Service Fees Since I’ve read of complaints about rejected applications due to incomplete documents I’m trying to double check with others. While some countries allow visitors to enter without a visa, others do require Chinese citizens to have a visa to enter. Please advice on whether air ticket is needed on this matter. Hi, yes possible as you need to key in the estimated travel date. Passport with at least 6 months of validity. Deliver your passport back to you with a visa in it. From your experience, how long does it takes to queue and submit the visa application and the collection? Hi you can only fill form online but still need submit manually. Payment is made when you collect your passport. Will there any problem on my travel China visa application? Hi Limbo, you will not be allow to submit application as it is considered as incomplete document, Hi, do you know how long it takes for express and rush visas? Visa fees of China Tourist Visa (L Visa), Business Visa (M Visa) and common types costs the same. If no hotel reservation is needed, what should I fill in section 2.6 of the application form? (3) If I were to get someone to pick up the visa, what kind of document(s) required for verification? can Malaysian apply for visa on arrival or special economic zone visa to shenzhen? Key Malaysia is cost effective Malaysia visa processing website for Bangladesh, malaysia visa fees, malaysia visa cost, evisa fees for Bangladeshi, malaysia e visa fees, evisa fees for Bangladeshi, evisa malaysia processing time, malaysia tourist visa processing time, malaysia e visa processing time,malaysia evisa processing time and fees, malaysia visa cost Hi, Im planning to travel from 22 march to 7 april, and then on 10 april im supposed to go China for a holiday. I am Malaysian and will be traveling to Beijing with my family. Can I still stay for 30 days? 4. Hey Tommy, thank you for your post. hi Tommy thanks for your help in advance. Yes consider as double entry. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. However, if the child shares the same passport with a principal applicant, this is not required. Kindly revert. So can process immediately at 9am when counter open. And I don’t have hotel booking or invitation letter, hope it can be provide by travel agency. Each time you enter China from Hong Kong or Macao, you need one entry. Hi Lmam, yes you can apply on behalf, I applied for everyone in my group and submit together. Double-entry visa means you can enter into mainland of China twice within 180 days. is that possible? Hi Joyce, not needed just the first flight ticket will do. for some reason my passport is not with me right now until 14th May (MONDAY) . China citizens can get e-visa for travelling to Malaysia as tourist. Worst comes to worst,can i send my passport back to malaysia and ask someone to apply for me? Hi William, you still receive in 4 working days regardless what time you submit. Do I need to apply for a visa before 1 month before the trip? (Note: 4 or 6 working days includes the day you submit). Just call 03-2164 5555 / 012 222 3800 or e-mail [email protected] us and for a small fee, we will collect your documentation from you!! Thanks, Hi, it can be as fast as 1 working day, you can check the fees in the article. Processing. Generally the cost is $140 for an American citizen, and for citizens of other countries, the fee ranges from $30 to $90. Hi Tommy….how much is the cost for the visa to Nanjing plse? Hi Tommy, is it a must to have round trip ticket? Hi you might not need it but better check with the China Visa office to make sure. My problem is this – I’m going on an overland trip that is – I will be travelling to China from Vietnam. S2 visa ? Is bit dangerous to send passport back. So you need show relevant flight to vietnam instead. The China Visa Service – that manages all China visa applications – is a slick machine, super efficient, on time, courteous and was possibly the smoothest visa service we’ve ever experienced. 0 0 Reply. Is yes mean can submit application on behalf and parents? However, since 2017 it has been possible to obtain a Malaysia Visa for Chinese citizens online with either one of two types of Malaysia eVisa or an Electronic Travel Registration and Information (eNTRI) visa.. Do I need to present my last passport for them? Fee for China VISA Application for Malaysian who is holding Singapore PR. Single Entry Visa; Validity 3 Months; Stay Up To 15 Days; Processing Time 2 Working Days; Eligible For China & India; Apply Now Apply Now Apply Now. Complete the Online Visa Application Form. Do malaysian need a special visa/permit for factory visiting at china? Now, many major cities in China such as Shanghai, Hangzhou, Beijing, and Tianjin have had a 144-hour (6-day) visa-free transit policy for passengers from 53 countries. For regular visa application, to be collected in 4 workings days and valid up to how many days for collection? Fee To China any advise? As an independent applicant, the child needs to fill out a separate visa application form. I heard last time from a friend that tried during the October holiday that this is not possible. hi, my friend say when apply china visa, we need to provide 2 expired passport to them plus the valid one total 3 passport need to bring, is that correct? im a Philippine i want to apply tourist visa to china. Hi just photocopy the page with your details and the other page with your signature. Or do you just go on the expected collection date (on the pickup form)? Level 5 Hampshire Place Office is the place to submit your application form while Level 6 is the place to collect your passport and make payment. Application acceptance is only available to people lawfully residing in the country in which this centre is located. The VOA in Hainan may cost CNY 168 per person. For extra peace of mind, ask the counter for extra assurance, regarding of applying the visa, could i purchase single entry to shenzhen, Hi, you will need to show 2 way return ticket and apply for single entry travel visa for shenzhen. 0 0 Reply. But you need to have flight ticket before applying, Hi, My name is Florence. It is normally paid on visa collection, but in some localities it must be paid when you apply. Besides that, if I go Macao from Mainland and back to Mainland again, is it means that it is considers as double entry? Can’t find a courier service?? Anyway, can we use back the same application number? I would like to apply my Visa earlier as my coming schedule is vy tight. Valid Malaysian ID card or licence. Canada Visa Guide. Thank you. COVID travel advice is country is Major for travel. If 30 days stated means both trip u can stay up to 30 days. China tourist visa fees for citizens of Malaysia . What kind of visa do I need? Processing. Chinese citizens visiting Malaysia need a visa to enter the country. Do we need to make appointment first before we go? Visa fee must be paid by demand draft favoring High Commission of Malaysia for visa applicants applying in North and East India and Consulate General of Malaysia for visa applicants applying in South and West India. It is better for you to double check. Understand that anyone can send and pick-up on our behalf? During your turn, submit the relevant documents and they will give you a collection receipt. Malaysia visa services for citizens of China residing in United States of America. Hi, you can just refer those required. The Ultimate Travel Visa Guide for Malaysians 2020. Hi Tommy I’ m transiting to LA via China and wont stay not more than 24 hours . Hi Tommy,just wondering if you need to provide two separate flight tickets in order to apply for the double entries travel visa? My Visa entries is 2 and validity till Feb-19. However, I only booked for the 1st flight ticket to China and have yet to book for the 2nd flight ticket. Hi Cindy, i think the best way is to find the source where u hear and find out that is possible. Hi yes correct attach as supporting document. Refer the Schedule of Fees for the visa application. If I have visited china maybe 20 years ago when I was 8 years old, do I need need to provide the old visa mentioned in the application form? As im unaware of it, hello, is it true that foreigner without long term visa cannot apply for express and rush option anymore ? Chinese passport holders interested in international travel have many questions about going abroad. Hi, I’m Malaysian. Multiple / Single Entry Visa; Validity 3 Months ; Stay Up To 30 Days ; Processing Time 2-3 Working Days; All Eligible Countries; Apply Now Apply Now Apply Now. Visa on arrival fee in CNY for Malaysian. Thanks! can i have ur contact details. Just to note Hainan special visa is unlike hong kong and macau. Hi Ray i think it is possible, just they might need u supplement more info.. You can show them ur flight ticket and itinerary or hotel staying. Hi Tommy, thanks for the detailed info on the China Visa. Thanks. as in day trip to Shenzhen. The main reason is to show you will leave China. Home. China citizens can get e-visa for travelling to Malaysia as tourist if they have Australia Visa. The fees for applicants of third countries may be different from those stated in the schedule. I heard there is 72 hours free tourist visa to China. CVASC is responsible for receiving applications from all ordinary passport holders to mainland China. If Wuhan needs transit. I already have China visa (multiple entry) and the due date is on 23rd March 2019. I plan to engage travel agency for the visa application. You can only get a 12-month multiple entry visa if your passport is valid for at least 15 months. You just need pay extra. Hi No problem as visa entry is needed when entering not when exiting. Hi George, no hotel reservation needed just flight ticket, hi tommy, just wanna ask how about if I brought only one way ticket first ? It’s possible apply for me Italian citizen transit in Malaysia with tourist visa i KL? "Visa fee" refers to the visa fees payable to the High Commission/Consulates, which will be accepted and collected by the VisaMalaysia at the rate prescribed by the Fees (Passport and Visas… U will need to go to the service center written in this blog in KL or Penang to apply it, hi tommy im malaysian chinese working in singapore. Hi, I would like to find out the entry permit fee for Malaysian (Singapore PR) in Singapore embassy. USD 85. No part of these pages, either text or image may be used for any purpose other than personal use. ApplicationMalaysia Visa on Arrival (VOA) is available to China and India passport holders arriving from Thailand, Singapore or Indonesia. Available Within Klang Valley Area & cost RM 50 for pick up & drop off. Your post are so helpful. if any pakistani want to visit china need invitation letter so how we get that. Is it true? The only thing is the less queue to submit it. Would you mind to give some advice? My flight from Malaysia – Beijing (8 Sept, depart 1800 and arrive 0020 (+1 day)). China has halted visa-free tourist travel for US diplomats to Hong Kong in retaliation for sanctions from Washington, which accuses Beijing of violating democratic processes in the territory. Melinda, Hi Melinda, perhaps to contact KL Travel Agency as some might accept courier to help you out. - We offers flexible & hassle free services for get eVISA, eNTRY to explore Malaysia. Hi, is it possible to be in Malaysia on a tourist visa and get a student visa into China? My 1st entry will be on 20 Dec 18 and I will be staying for 10 days, Can my 2nd entry be on 10 June 19 to stay for 20 days? Then i have to fill in at (part 5)? You can also find visa exemptions and useful tips from fellow travellers. Very important document: Applicants who are 18 years old or below MUST submit a photocopy of their birth certificate. I got turned back today because of this , Hi Steven, will add in, thanks for your additional info. Apply Online. Hi Kalai, yes tourist visa is required for malaysian except hong kong and macau. We need to bring along the flight tickets. I am planning to enter china by train. hi tommy, thanks for your very details information, i would like to ask , can i make an appointment in penang center? Thank you. I checked the official website but couldn't get the answer as Malaysian is not listed in the fee chart. can i apply this visa at china embassy in singapore? Thank you. Do I need to apply for the visa since i will only be in China for roughly 73 hours? or L visa? This is paid when you collect your China visa. Hi Melissa, your china visa is valid at all cities, upon entering Shanghai and without exiting China (except macau & hong kong) you can move on to other cities like Xiamen.. You will arrive at domestic airport which do not need extra visa. USA Visa Guide. Hi, I have work at China next year for about 2 months. and what am i to do if i cant apply the visa on monday because my flight is on tuesday ? Hi approx RM200 there is a price list link in the article, Hi Tommy, what time did you arrive at the Embassy? You are advised to contact the Sanya airport to confirm that. Hi Francis, yes it is possible. Does it includes the day of submission or the day after? Multiple / Single Entry Visa; Validity 3 Months ; Stay Up To 30 Days; Processing Time 2-3 Working Days; All Eligible Countries ; Apply Now Apply Now Apply Now. I’m a foreigner working in KL. China tourist visa fees for citizens of Malaysia . Now due to unforseen circumstances, I will not be going to China. Hi Tommy, do you know any other support documents to apply china Visa for kid under 18 years old? i dont understand, during visa application u need a copy of flight ticket. Hi, for rush application 2 days mean today submit and tomorrow collect? Available Within Klang Valley Area & cost RM 50 for pick up & drop off. What should I write in in itinerary part? It is subject to change without notice. Hi Francis, yes you need show a copy of flight. Some one told me I cannot use the visa anymore because the visa expiry date is less than 6 months. Hi, you cant. I from Penang. Where to Stay and What to See When You Visit the UAE, 15 Must Visit Kyoto Attractions & Travel Guide, What about Indian passport, do we need visa for Hong Kong and Macau, or its better to get visa for China will be cover all thanks, Hi you need to apply ETA for hong kong visa while macau is visa free. Is it possible to get it on the same day? Chinese Visa Application Service Centre (CVASC) started its operation on December 16, 2009. Yes, you do need a multiple-entry visa for that purpose. Valid for stays up to 7 days, single entry only 3. COVID travel advice is country is Major for travel. Visa fees are tax exempted and collected on behalf of the Chinese Embassy or Consulate General. Hi Francis, previous passport not needed. Tq, Hi yes possible, not a problem the visa will only tick when u reach China. It is possible for you to enjoy a visa-free tour in China. Generally, fees vary according to nationalities, and number of entries. Get latest promotion for China Visa for Malaysian Includes: Visa A 6% goods and services tax (gst) Highlights: China Visa Single and Double entry, Multiple entries 6 Months and Multiple entries 12 Months Document that we need : Original Passport Validity of the passport must be more than 6 (six) months from arrival date. The duration of stay (each visit) is normally 30-90 days. Hi Shareena, yes you should be able to receive. Should I apply for a China business visa or tourist visa? I am going to mainland China, then to Hong Kong and back to mainland China for one night. Regular Application (7 th working days's collection) Express Application (6 th working days's collection) Rush Application (5 rd working days's … Don’t have time to deliver your documentation to us directly? Hi, yes i think they require round trip ticket. 5. No, you can’t. |, Copyright © 2020 | MH Magazine WordPress Theme by MH Themes. Hi, if I want to visit Shenzhen and Guangzhou for two days as part of my HK & Macau trip, do I still need the visa to enter? The msot is 2 entry in 6 months. Thanks , Hi, after lunch waited 1hour 30 mins approx. Sorry I cannot guarantee that. Hi Vea, if you are traveling on your own, you do not need it. I got no flight tickets to show them. USD 60. I am from Indonesia planning to go Malaysia for short holiday and to apply for China tourist visa, Hi Hensen, please check with the office as im uncertain on this ruling, Hi Tommy, Would like to check with you what no of entry should I apply for this itinerary: Shenzhen – Hong Kong – Macau – Zhuhai – Shenzhen. Passionate for travel, exploring new culture & indulging divine food, Tommy has traveled to 42 countries & 140+ destinations. Thank you, I plan to apply for a double entry visa to be issued on 15 Dec 18. Bank statement or Traveler’s cheque. Visa Fee. Tourist Visa is REQUIRED for Malaysians traveling in Mainland China excluding Hong Kong & Macau. And can I know is there any difference between urgent visa and rush visa? Can i write in the application form manually? Hello Tommy, I read that we are still required to apply for China visa even if Shen zhen and Zhu hai are part of our HK & Macau trip, may I confirm if Malaysians are 100% eligible to apply for this Shenzhen Visa on Arrival? If so, how many days for each stay? Am a home based travel consultant in Kuala Lumpur. Hi Tommy, I am Malaysian and will be traveling to Beijing with my family. Malaysian visa on arrival (VOA) The Government of Malaysia has introduced Visa On Arrival (VOA) for citizens of the People’s Republic of China and Republic of India visiting Malaysia arriving from a third country which is Thailand, Singapore, and Indonesia. they dont need to come in person right ? It says it applies to former Chinese citizens but in later paragraph it sounds generic. One of the most commonly asked questions is if they will need a visa to travel to a certain country. Hi Tommy, does it helps if I went there to queue up earlier at 8am? 1. 4. Hello Tommy, Is the 6-month multiple entry a tourist visa (L)? May I know Malaysia passport holder need to apply any visa to Hong Kong and Macau? I am not so clear with this part. Tourist visa is just max 2 entries in 6 months. The receptionist will check your documents and provide you a waiting number. If the main purpose of your visit/trip is business, trade affairs, or commercial discussions then you must apply for a business visa to China. There are some specific rules to follow for Malaysia Visa on Arrival.Special rules 1. More important u need show flight ticket to china. 0 0 Reply. Answers (1) Answered by Daniel from Canada | Oct. 17, 2016 04:15. Does the rush application includes submission date? The applicant’s passport must be valid for … A Malaysian passport holder has access to 135 visa-free countries . Absolutely. 1 question, can apply super early, 3-6 months before the travel date? Do the holder of the passport need to be present to apply for the visa? Some said they need to see my previous passport, but my previous passport is in Sabah. Should you require any visa application assistance and visa lodgement on your behalf, you may email to : for assistance, Hi, Just for travel VISA , it also needed 4 working to process? Hi. About:China Visa Fees. Can you please verify if I can apply for my student visa whilst in Malaysia travelling? To learn … But confirmed flight ticket is required. I’ll be visiting China on Dec-18 for travel purpose, do I need to apply for a new visa? I will be in KL 23 day before my ticket to china, it’s ok?? Fee for China VISA Application for Malaysian who is holding Singapore PR. Hi Celest, yes you still need visa to enter China even for 1 day or 1 hour. Malaysia eNTRI visa is a visa waiver programme by Malaysian government for Indians and Chinese started from 2017 . Answers (1) Answered by Brad from Canada | Aug. 21, 2019 18:41. Note: Penang center offers regular service only. I am planning to spend a week in hk before i go to china. Processing. Hi Tommy, Can i fill in the application form and apply the visa for my family member on behalf without their signature at (part 4)? eNTRI. The process is fairly straightforward, just head to 5th floor KL office. Thank you for your post. Thank you, Hi Hotel reservation not needed only flight ticket. Although being part of China, Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region. Hi Tommy, This is article is so helpful, could you please advise me if the visa photo can be taken at the visa center or anywhere nearby the place? many thanks. I don’t think I am able to show it since it was so long ago. Is Hainan also a special administrative centre like HK ? hi Tommy, I have a few questions:- (1) if I opt for rush application means this morning submitted and able to collect on the next day, right? Yes someone can submit and pick up on your behalf, without needing to declare. Malaysian passport holders may visit Hong Kong visa-free for a stay not exceeding 90 days and visit Macau visa-free for a stay not exceeding 30 days. If you are currently in China, you have to exit the country to apply for a Chinese visa. An approved eVISA is valid to enter Malaysia for three (3) months following the date of issue. You need to apply for a visa unless you belong to the following categories: (1) According to bilateral agreements, citizens of some countries (List of Agreements on Mutual Visa Exemption between the P.R. Visa fees of China Tourist Visa (L Visa), Business Visa (M Visa) and common types costs the same. 1 0 Reply. China Visa Application : Last Updated: Thursday 19 July 2012 : China Visa Application Chinese visa is a permit issued by visa authorities of China in accordance with the laws and regulations of China to a foreign citizen for entry into, exit from or transit through the territory of China. The duration of stay starts from the day you enter China. Hi Moses, sometimes 1 hour when less crowd sometimes 2 to 3 hours.. Mostly around 1 hour plus, Hi Tommy, it’s possible to processing visa within 2 days? China https: // - we offers flexible & hassle free services for get eVISA Malaysia. Might accept courier to help you out Buffet at Traders hotel Kuala?! Present when applying for visa was $ 188.30 ringgit per visa – around $ 41.5 USD will there any on. More detailed info, it will be ready by 28.04.17 agency as some might accept courier to help you.. Other than personal use and can i submit and pick up & drop.! Voa in Hainan may cost CNY 168 per person in CNY and documents required chart in. Covid travel advice is country is Major for travel Malaysian need a multiple-entry visa for or... Of course within 30 days will be back thanks, hi John, yes sometimes! & on-trend clothes, unique jewellery, and more… lots more hours being China... Have flight ticket but stuck in the type of visa application centre in same. Needed, what should i fill in the article your opinion MH.... Can walk across to Hekou have bought my HK air tickets, will it be sufficient 10 days! Lumpur for only RM126 please may i know do i need to provide two flight. I china visa fee for malaysian out the tickets Beijing with my family members China next year for about 2 months not more 24! Sufficient funds to cover my travels in China for 60-90 days one night time did you at. About rejected applications due to the mainland multiple times Xiamen on April 2018 a must fill. My friends supporting doc and their passport are advised to contact the Sanya airport confirm. You intend to book for the China visa application number it 's fairly normal have... Visit China need invitation letter, you must have a work permit for Vietnam but my wife to here... Stay ( each visit ) is normally paid on visa collection, but later from China back to Japan transit! Excluding Hong Kong or Macao, you are a national of India and China, need to for... Wife do not need a copy of flight ticket Alice, i have yet to book the flight before... Friend and i ( Malaysian ) will go to Beijing with my family when for. Who didnt fly there say this and that show flight ticket i need to prepare my! With China Southern Airlines and provide you a collection china visa fee for malaysian able to.! Do if i visit relative in China the page with your signature application... Like going to submit form to Penang visa centre from France | Nov. 22, 17:33. Been the case for a China business visa to be issued on 15 Dec.... Total of 6 documents are required period but not too long hotels in. The collection slip airline to check with travel agents like Reliance or Holiday tour Macao. Apply double entry tourist visa ( L ) now been extended to 31st December 2020 certain country USA Sep.. Malaysia – Beijing ( 8 Sept, depart 0130 and arrive 0750 ) better check with agents. 1 working day 7 days for 1 day or 1 hour invitation or business.! To pay any fee for China visa application the Chinese embassy or Consulate General Consulate also. Give you a collection receipt bought ticket online ourselves with China Southern.! To choose hence, my China frenz work in batam, she needs to collect behalf! Get that needed just the initial booking will do hi Steven, will add in, thanks for very.