[252] The U.S. State Department has estimated that North Korea's military spending averaged 23% of its GDP from 2004 to 2014, the highest level in the world. Power shortages are chronic and would not be alleviated even by electricity imports because the poorly maintained grid causes significant losses during transmission. [376] The number of subscribers has increased from 3,000 in 2002[377] to almost two million in 2013. Country code South Korea Country code according to ISO standards (ISO-3166) ISO 3166-1. [195] People perceived as hostile to the government, such as Christians or critics of the leadership,[196] are deported to labor camps without trial,[197] often with their whole family and mostly without any chance of being released. Officially the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, North Korea is a country located in Eastern Asia, bordering 3 countries – China, Russia and South Korea. [12] In 2012, Gross national income per capita was $1,523, compared to $28,430 in South Korea. It bases its list of country names and abbreviations on the list of names published by the United Nations. In 1971, secret, high-level contacts began to be conducted culminating in the 1972 July 4th North–South Joint Statement that established principles of working toward peaceful reunification. [298][300], Songbun allegedly affects access to educational and employment opportunities and particularly whether a person is eligible to join North Korea's ruling party. People's Rep., Korea, Rep., Low income, High income | Data", "Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births) - Korea, Dem. KOR Alpha-3. [198], Based on satellite images and defector testimonies, Amnesty International estimates that around 200,000 prisoners are held in six large political prison camps,[196][199] where they are forced to work in conditions approaching slavery. [350], Road transport is very limited—only 724 kilometers of the 25,554 kilometer road network are paved,[351] and maintenance on most roads is poor. [203], The security apparatus is very extensive,[223] exerting strict control over residence, travel, employment, clothing, food and family life. [175] On 10 October 1980, then North Korean president Kim Il-sung proposed a federation between North and South Korea named the Democratic Federal Republic of Korea in which the respective political systems would initially remain. KOR Alpha-3.kr TLD. North Korea runs on a centrally-planned economy model that is not based on money. [116] The SPA itself cannot initiate any legislation independently of party or state organs. Political camps can be short-term reeducation zones or "kwalliso" (total control zones) for lifetime detention. [420] The Associated Press opened the first Western all-format, full-time bureau in Pyongyang in 2012. [386], Korean heritage is protected and maintained by the state. In January 2018, estimates of North Korea's nuclear arsenal ranged between 15 and 60 bombs, probably including hydrogen bombs. [396] Western classical music by Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Stravinsky and other composers is performed both by the State Symphony Orchestra and student orchestras. [339] Overall, external trade in 2013 reached a total of $7.3 billion (the highest amount since 1990[340]), while inter-Korean trade dropped to an eight-year low of $1.1 billion. Journalists, C. T. (25 April 2017). [93] [114][115] Supreme People's Assembly sessions are convened by the SPA Presidium, whose president (Choe Ryong-hae since 2019) represents the state in relations with foreign countries. In a traditional meal, they accompany both side dishes (panch'an) and main courses like juk, pulgogi or noodles. [226] With an active duty army of 1.21 million, consisting of 4.7% of its population, the KPA is the fourth largest military force in the world after China, the United States and India. [58] As a result of the war, almost every substantial building in North Korea was destroyed. [89] Delivery capabilities[238] are provided by the Rocket Force, which has some 1,000 ballistic missiles with a range of up to 7,400 miles (11,900 km).[239]. Tieni presente che l'abbreviazione di NK è ampiamente utilizzata in settori come quello bancario, informatico, educativo, finanziario, governativo e sanitario. North Korea, Inc. There are 63 burial mounds in the tomb group, with clear murals preserved. [316] Food and housing are extensively subsidized by the state; education and healthcare are free;[277] and the payment of taxes was officially abolished in 1974. [101] Summer tends to be by far the hottest, most humid, and rainiest time of year because of the southern and southeastern monsoon winds that carry moist air from the Pacific Ocean. It possesses nuclear weapons. [52] Approximately 3 million people died in the Korean War, with a higher proportional civilian death toll than World War II or the Vietnam War, making it perhaps the deadliest conflict of the Cold War-era. The exotic settings of the stories give authors more freedom to depict cyberwarfare, violence, sexual abuse and crime, which are absent in other genres. The event is an artistic representation of the country's history and pays homage to Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il. The roots of Juche were made up of a complex mixture of factors, including the cult of personality centered on Kim Il-sung, the conflict with pro-Soviet and pro-Chinese dissenters, and Korea's centuries-long struggle for independence. In 1959, relations with Japan had improved somewhat, and North Korea began allowing the repatriation of Japanese citizens in the country. [308] In an attempt to recover from the collapse, the government began structural reforms in 1998 that formally legalized private ownership of assets and decentralized control over production. [102] In addition to the constitution, North Korea is governed by the Ten Principles for the Establishment of a Monolithic Ideological System (also known as the "Ten Principles of the One-Ideology System") which establishes standards for governance and a guide for the behaviors of North Koreans. In 1996, the government accepted UN food aid. [148] Kim Jong-il's personality cult, although significant, was not as extensive as his father's. On his 60th birthday (based on his official date of birth), mass celebrations occurred throughout the country. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the North on 9 September 1948. [257] Despite a drastic reduction of aid under the George W. Bush administration,[258] the situation gradually improved: the number of malnourished children declined from 60% in 1998[259] to 37% in 2006[260] and 28% in 2013. [265] Two-thirds of households consist of extended families mostly living in two-room units. [441], This article is about the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. [256] The national birth rate is 14.5 births per year per 1,000 population. After four failed attempts, North Korea became the tenth spacefaring nation with the launch of Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2 in December 2012, which successfully reached orbit but was believed to be crippled and non-operational. The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), led by a member of the ruling family, holds absolute power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members. "How Satellite Images of the Earth at Night Help Us Understand Our World and Make Better Cities". In 2013, this lineage was made explicit when Clause 2 of Article 10 of the newly edited Ten Fundamental Principles of the Korean Workers' Party stated that the party and revolution must be carried "eternally" by the "Mount Paektu Bloodline". People's Rep. | Data", "Overview of the Burden of Diseases in North Korea", "Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases (% of total) - Korea, Dem. [268], Maternal mortality is lower than other low-income countries, but significantly higher than South Korea and other high income countries, at 89 per 100,000 live births. [125] Juche was pronounced in December 1955 in a speech called On Eliminating Dogmatism and Formalism and Establishing Juche in Ideological Work in order to emphasize a Korea-centered revolution. The military faces some issues limiting its conventional capabilities, including obsolete equipment, insufficient fuel supplies and a shortage of digital command and control assets due to other countries being banned from selling weapons to it by the UN sanctions. [62] It claims that the Korean War was caused by the United States and South Korea. [314] The North Korean won is the national currency, issued by the Central Bank of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. [99] The country contains three terrestrial ecoregions: Central Korean deciduous forests, Changbai Mountains mixed forests, and Manchurian mixed forests. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo (Koguryŏ) which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time,[31][32][33][34] ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East[35] and parts of Inner Mongolia,[36] under Gwanggaeto the Great. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, the Korean Peninsula was divided into two zones along the 38th parallel, with the northern half of the peninsula occupied by the Soviet Union and the southern half by the United States. [388], Visual arts are generally produced in the esthetics of Socialist realism. North Korea has some 5,200 kilometers of railways mostly in standard gauge which carry 80% of annual passenger traffic and 86% of freight, but electricity shortages undermine their efficiency. People's courts are at the lowest level of the system and operate in cities, counties and urban districts, while different kinds of special courts handle cases related to military, railroad or maritime matters. [330] North Korea has been aiming to increase the number of foreign visitors through projects like the Masikryong Ski Resort. Fighting ended on 27 July 1953, with an armistice that approximately restored the original boundaries between North and South Korea, but no peace treaty was signed. Kim Jong-un holds four concurrent positions: Choe Ryong-hae represents North Korea internationally. According to Kim Il-sung, speaking in 1958, the loyal "core class" constituted 25% of the North Korean population, the "wavering class" 55%, and the "hostile class" 20%. Nobody can start a private business. Need to know how North Korea is abbreviated in Technology? [319][320] In 2009, the government attempted to stem the expanding free market by banning jangmadang and the use of foreign currency,[308] heavily devaluing the won and restricting the convertibility of savings in the old currency,[279] but the resulting inflation spike and rare public protests caused a reversal of these policies. Abbreviations.com. The launch was strongly condemned by the UN Security Council. Ambassador Shtykov suspected Rhee was planning to invade the North and was sympathetic to Kim's goal of Korean unification under socialism. KP is the two-letter country abbreviation for North Korea. 22 Dec. 2020. All of the Korean Peninsula's mountains with elevations of 2,000 meters (6,600 ft) or more are located in North Korea. South Korea. One point of view is that Kim Jong-il's cult of personality was solely out of respect for Kim Il-sung or out of fear of punishment for failure to pay homage,[149] while North Korean government sources consider it genuine hero worship. Postal codes in South Korea are 5-digit numeric and the current system was newly introduced on August 1, 2015. North Koreans have little exposure to foreign influence. [133] Scholar Brian Reynolds Myers views North Korea's actual ideology as a Korean ethnic nationalism similar to statism in Shōwa Japan and European fascism. People's Rep. | Data", "Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions (% of total) - Korea, Dem. [79][80][81] On 9 October 2006, North Korea announced it had conducted its first nuclear weapons test. [171] They met in Hanoi from 27 to 28 February 2019, but failed to achieve an agreement. [84] Tensions with South Korea and the United States increased in 2010 with the sinking of the South Korean warship Cheonan[85] and North Korea's shelling of Yeonpyeong Island. [130] The 2009 constitution dropped references to communism and elevated the Songun military-first policy while explicitly confirming the position of Kim Jong-il. [353] Eighty-two airports[354] and 23 helipads[355] are operational and the largest serve the state-run airline, Air Koryo. [92] A series of summits took place between Kim Jong-un of North Korea, President Moon Jae-in of South Korea, and President Trump. "Kim Jong Un is skirting sanctions and pursuing this energy strategy to keep North Korea afloat", "North Korea to Utilize Science and Technology to Overcome Its Energy Crisis", "North Korea Adopts Renewable Energy Law", "Progress in North Korea's Renewable Energy Production", "Activity Seen at North Korean Nuclear Plant", "High Speed Rail and Road Connecting Kaesong-Pyongyang-Sinuiju to be Built", "Cars on Pyongyang streets can tell us a lot about the country", "North Korea to Become Strong in Science and Technology by Year 2022", N. Korea moves to develop cutting-edge nanotech industry, "Two Koreas can cooperate in chemistry, biotech and nano science: report", "High-Tech Development Zones: The Core of Building a Powerful Knowledge Economy Nation", ". [118] The Premier represents the government and functions independently. An ordinary passport is a single passport which, after being granted special permission, is handed out to North Koreans who visit foreign countries for official reasons, i.e., sports and academic competitions, business trips. Soviet forces withdrew from the North in 1948, and most American forces withdrew from the South in 1949. [287][288] There are no known official statistics of religions in North Korea. [201], North Korean defectors[202] have provided detailed testimonies on the existence of the total control zones where abuses such as torture, starvation, rape, murder, medical experimentation, forced labor, and forced abortions have been reported. [228][229] The KPA has five branches: Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Special Operations Force, and Rocket Force. How is North Korea abbreviated? Sci-fi works glorify technology and promote the Juche concept of anthropocentric existence through depictions of robotics, space exploration and immortality. Shtykov served as the first Soviet ambassador, while Kim Il-sung became premier. [395] Revolutionary operas differ from their Western counterparts by adding traditional instruments to the orchestra and avoiding recitative segments. His birthday is one of the most important public holidays in the country. [125] Its core tenets are economic self-sufficiency, military self-reliance and an independent foreign policy. ", Hayes, Peter, and Roger Cavazos. [270] Only one out of ten leading causes of overall deaths in North Korea is attributed to communicable diseases (lower respiratory infection), a disease which is reported to have declined by six percent since 2007. Every individual has a lifetime health card which contains a full medical record. The government own all real estate, and give everyone rights to occupy a home, free of cost, the location, size and quality of home depends by your job. It is an IAAF Bronze Label Race where amateur runners from around the world can participate. [234] Other equipment includes 1,600 aircraft in the Air Force and 1,000 vessels in the Navy. North Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, D.P.R.K., DPRK (noun) a communist country in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula; established in 1948. see more ». [376], Internet access itself is limited to a handful of elite users and scientists. [111][112] Its role is to deliberate and decide the work on defense building of the State, including major policies of the State; and to carry out the directions of the Chairman of the commission, Kim Jong-Un. [364], Significant resources have been allocated to the national space program, which is managed by the National Aerospace Development Administration (formerly managed by the Korean Committee of Space Technology until April 2013)[365][366] Domestically produced launch vehicles and the Kwangmyŏngsŏng satellite class are launched from two spaceports, the Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground and the Sohae Satellite Launching Station. [437][438] Rungrado 1st of May Stadium, the largest stadium in the world with its capacity of 150,000, hosts the Festival. [430], Most schools have daily practice in association football, basketball, table tennis, gymnastics, boxing and others. [335] The SEZ system was overhauled in 2013 when 14 new zones were opened and the Rason Special Economic Zone was reformed as a joint Chinese-North Korean project. Some of the most influential films are based on historic events (An Jung-geun shoots Itō Hirobumi) or folk tales (Hong Gildong). Some scholars believe that the 1956 August incident demonstrated independence. Command of the Korean People's Army lies in both the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea and the independent State Affairs Commission. [200] Supporters of the government who deviate from the government line are subject to reeducation in sections of labor camps set aside for that purpose. South Korea. There is much speculation about this policy being used as a strategy to strengthen the military while discouraging coup attempts. The only ones with protection are those whose husbands or fathers are themselves in positions of power. [108][109] His grandfather Kim Il-sung, the founder and leader of North Korea until his death in 1994, is the country's "eternal President",[110] while his father Kim Jong-il who succeeded Kim Il-sung as the leader was announced "Eternal General Secretary" and "Eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission" after his death in 2011.[108]. Portraits and sculptures depicting Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un are classed as "Number One works". [74], North Korea promised to halt its development of nuclear weapons under the Agreed Framework, negotiated with U.S. president Bill Clinton and signed in 1994. [71], Recovery from the war was quick—by 1957 industrial production reached 1949 levels. [408], Government policies towards film are no different than those applied to other arts—motion pictures serve to fulfill the targets of "social education". [145] Following the death of Kim Il-sung, North Koreans were prostrating and weeping to a bronze statue of him in an organized event;[146] similar scenes were broadcast by state television following the death of Kim Jong-il. [424] Occasional deliberate disinformation on the part of North Korean establishments further complicates the issue. The South declared its statehood in May 1948 and two months later the ardent anti-communist Syngman Rhee[47] became its ruler. [235] North Korea has the largest special forces and the largest submarine fleet in the world. KR Alpha-2. [322], Industry and services employ 65%[323] of North Korea's 12.6 million labor force. [158], As of 2015[update], North Korea had diplomatic relations with 166 countries and embassies in 47 countries. [44][45] For this reason, the people do not consider themselves as 'North Koreans' but as Koreans in the same divided country as their compatriots in the South and foreign visitors are discouraged from using the former term.[46]. Check out variants for North Korea abbreviation in World [212], Buddhism and Confucianism still influence cultural life. North Korea listed as DPNK Their "WMDs" can only fly 35 seconds before falling apart.Their soldiers are starving and are still using low-quality guns and equipment dating back to the end of WW2. [375] Cellular coverage is available with a 3G network operated by Koryolink, a joint venture with Orascom Telecom Holding. DPNK stands for North Korea. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. [390] Mansudae Overseas Projects is a subdivision of Mansudae Art Studio that carries out construction of large-scale monuments for international customers. [n 4][162][163] As of September 2017, France and Estonia are the last two European countries that do not have an official relationship with North Korea. [63], The relative peace between the South and the North following the armistice was interrupted by border skirmishes, celebrity abductions, and assassination attempts. [96] For example, the song, "We Will Go To Mount Paektu" sings in praise of Kim Jong-un and describes a symbolic trek to the mountain. Maybe you were looking for one of these abbreviations: NORS - NORSA - NORSB - NORSE - Norspa - NORTHAG - NORTHCON - NORVA - NORWICH - … [306] North Korea declared the last seven-year plan unsuccessful in December 1993 and thereafter stopped announcing plans. In the immediate vicinity of South Korea are countries such as North Korea, Japan & Taiwan. [42] The modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Company's Hendrick Hamel. https://www.abbreviations.com/North%20Korea. Juche eventually replaced Marxism–Leninism entirely by the 1980s,[129] and in 1992 references to the latter were omitted from the constitution. [266] An 11-year free, compulsory cycle of primary and secondary education is provided in more than 27,000 nursery schools, 14,000 kindergartens, 4,800 four-year primary and 4,700 six-year secondary schools. Pyongyang is the capital city of North Korea. [178] [309] A second round of reforms in 2002 led to an expansion of market activities, partial monetization, flexible prices and salaries, and the introduction of incentives and accountability techniques. [289] Freedom of religion and the right to religious ceremonies are constitutionally guaranteed, but religions are restricted by the government. [189] In February 2018, a détente developed at the Winter Olympics held in South Korea. "Democratic People's Republic of Korea" in. [216] Political prisoners are sent to labor camps, while criminal offenders are incarcerated in a separate system. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is an independent socialist State representing the interests of all the Korean people. Early European visitors to Korea remarked that the country resembled "a sea in a heavy gale" because of the many successive mountain ranges that crisscross the peninsula. His authority extends over two vice-premiers, 30 ministers, two cabinet commission chairmen, the cabinet chief secretary, the president of the Central Bank, the director of the Central Bureau of Statistics and the president of the Academy of Sciences. "North Korean censorship". [396] Sea of Blood is the most widely performed of the Five Great Operas: since its premiere in 1971, it has been played over 1,500 times,[397] and its 2010 tour in China was a major success. North Korea rejects peace talks with South Korea " South Korea is a very wealthy nation that now feels an obligation to contribute to the military defense provided by the United States of America," Trump wrote, saying, "The relationship between the two countries is a very good one!" A history of the Korean reunification movement: its issues and prospects. [188], In May 2017, Moon Jae-in was elected President of South Korea with a promise to return to the Sunshine Policy. [273], According to a 2003 report by the United States Department of State, almost 100% of the population has access to water and sanitation. [391] Some of the projects include the African Renaissance Monument in Senegal,[392] and the Heroes' Acre in Namibia. NK = Corea del Nord Cerchi una definizione generale di NK? [86][87], On 17 December 2011, Kim Jong-il died from a heart attack. In the immediate vicinity of South Korea are countries such as North Korea, Japan & Taiwan. 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