I don’t care for super short barrels like that. To purchase one on Guns America, visit https://www.gunsamerica.com/Search.aspx?Keyword=327%20Performance%20Center. How many rounds do You need? In millimeters, the .45 is about 11.25mm. So, is this a .327 Federal Magnum or a .357 Magnum? Smith&Wesson Model … When you’re talking about snub-nose revolvers for concealed carry, however, N-Frames and eight-round capacities are hardly the norm. But this 327 is gotta be the ugliest thing I’ve seen since the Chiappa Rhino. Incredibly uncomfortable to shoot. I had one. Especially appreciated the chrono comparison between the 38 spec and 357. 21/1, Comfortable Leather Belt Holster - It. are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of The Holsters Company, s.r.o. 20S, Tuckable Leather Concealed Carry Holster - It. A Smith & Wesson Smith & Wesson Model 327 holster keeps dust, moisture and water away. Other than that, we have a large range of on-duty or off-duty holsters for your daily carry. The 327 has an exposed hammer for traditional double-action/single-action operation. Smith’s Performance Center became known for their trigger work, and this is the kind of trigger work they’re known for. Start Manufacturing High Capacity Pocket Guns in 9mm and 45mm. About the author: 6 am - 2 pm EST (Mo - Fri). Hi guys, Newbie here. And it is still amazing. Concealed carry bags can come in handy when you have to carry off-body for a deeper concealment. Products from the Performance Center are the ultimate expression of old-world craftsmanship blended with modern technology. In honesty I haven't shot this revolver enough to give an experienced opinion. It looks great. Oh my, piggies, behold the R8, and despair! It does help in concealment though, and there is no way I would call this an inaccurate gun. AND, they’re six shooters, shooting irons or revolvers. $1300 for a revolver – when it comes down to around $450, let me know. why do we older gunners love revolvers ? If I was looking for a lesson in English, I certainly would not come here and listen to someone that bitches, gripes and criticizes every time there’s a new review. Very nice used S&W Performance Center model 327 TRR8 357/38 revolver. Revolvers were my first love. .357 magnum runs the gamut from 180-grain Buffalo Bore Hardcast down to Hornady 90 grain Critical Defense LITE. The Smith & Wesson M&P 327 TRR8 (Tactical Rail Revolver 8) is capable doing almost anything a semiauto can do and some things it can't do. read more; performance center m&p 9 m2.0 ported 5″ barrel & slide c.o.r.e. 71/22, Leather Paddle Holster w Tension Screw - It. For the most part the reviews are great but, assholes like you ruin it for most of us. I’m one with Wyatt, Roy, Wild Bill and the rest of my boyhood idols. In fact, it is rather amazing how well it shoots with such a small barrel. Create your unique custom holster design in our. Motion-sensor technology activates the unit so there’s no on/off switch to remember or malfunction, and the red delta is large and easy to see in low light with both eyes open. The sights are an orange ramp with an integral U-notch rear. Guns, PERFORMANCE CENTER® MODEL 41 PISTOLS MODEL 41 SKU: 178031 22 LR 5.5" Barrel • 10+1 Rounds Integral Picatinny-Style Rail Cutout, Interchangeable Front Sight Model 41 Pistols Include Two Magazines . Further, a 45mm would have ammo that was very expensive and difficult to find but Beachhawk didn’t have to be a dick about it. 8 shots is amazing this pistol is a must see in person. Come on smith and Wesson bring back your guns in 327. Included is a Vortex Venom red dot sight, speed loader and holster. The natural retention of each material takes care of it and you can even hold the scabbard upside down without the firearm falling off. Eight rounds of the legendary man killer, housed in one cylinder? This list consists of our current selection of guns available to have our holsters made to fit. 357 is not .44 Magnum, but it is pretty vicious for a pistol. Yankee Marshall approved! Smith already made a model 357. “Why…?” Reading comprehension is the source of many of our problems today. The heart of the 327 is the eight-shot, titanium cylinder. 34, Leather Shoulder Holster System - It. Basically a souped-up version of the 327 Performance Center revolver, the M&P TRR8 was designed for--as the name indicates--military and law enforcement use. The gun is dull black, almost military looking. Maybe You need a fully automatic piece. This Vertx Bag Combines the Best of Both Worlds. I’ll stick with my GP100.. Buzz, 327 is the snobby version of that, etc. 27 was blue steel. EDC, I Agree…I wouldn’t even attempt to shoot a death threat one handed (Dirty Harry), two hands on the gun seems calming to my mind. (+1) 855 844 5400 This lightweight red dot, or in this case a 7.5-MOA red triangle, is a true “keep it simple” sighting device. #1 It’s got to be made of a good grade of steel. Loving the in Breath audio as it bothers so many at YouTube. The trigger feels like greased ball bearing though. 327 is the model number of the revolver. To be sure. The finger grooves and backstrap parts are smooth as glass, with texture provided in the palm swells. Are we turning into sheep or sharks? Scandium is very soft and costs between 2000 and 10000 dollars a pound, depending on market factors. Bla, Bla, Bla…You Wanna Sell Revolvers? Of course, the 9mm is proven quite a threat to the bad guys, too. Most revolver competitors use this model, including our own hostess at Gun Girl Radio, the beautiful and talented Julie Golob. The 327 is a double action/ single action, which means that the first part of the trigger pull is used to manually cock the hammer. If I am carrying a refined gentleman’s hand cannon, I damn well think it should feel like one. UUUUUUGGGGGLLLLLLLYYYYYYY! It’s like having a beautiful girlfriend with a screeching voice. Sooner or later looking good is not enough. SOB (Small of Back) Leather Belt Holster - It. For a comparison. If you plan to shoot limited, just replace the comp with the included muzzle cap and use your iron sights. The author seems to be using the caliber terms interchangeably. Aguila Ammunition, Self-Defense, But only if you have $1,300 already allocated to your gun habit. Either I’m too young or too old or too foolish to buy a gun. Range review will be coming shortly. If it was a .327, I’d be interested. The Fairest of Them All: Smith & Wesson's…, WOW! Current Manufacturer/Gun Types. I remember the first Smith and Wesson eight-shot .357 magnum revolver I laid eyes on, with a youthful sense of wonder. Related Tags: Performance Center guns originate from standard designs or are created from the ground up. #3 It’s got to be priced close to the 500. dollar range. SPEED BEEZ® Smith & Wesson TRR8 Tactical Revolver Holster Outside the Waist Band (Fits Smith & Wesson Performance Center TRR8) USPSA Legal Speed Rig $ 73.00 Whether you use a holster for your job, for competition (USPSA Legal) or recreation or just … Smith & Wesson Smith & Wesson Model 327 holsters are custom made for this gun model for a perfect fit, smooth draw and re-holstering and allows you to carry your gun in comfortable and safe way. S&W “Scandium” frames are an alloy of aluminum and Scandium. In the fist line of the specs it says 357 magnum yet someone asks if this is a 327 mag and goes of the rails. He is a multi-decade and -service sniper, as well as 3-Gun competitor and Master ranked shooter in USPSA Production. Check out the White Rhino for another neat .357 mag. Smith has been using this in revolver frames for years, and it has proven to be sturdy and light. I doubt you could handle the recoil from a 45mm and that ammo would be neither cheap or plentiful. Elmer Keith was my hero and the .357 and 44 Mag were kings. The trigger was extremely smooth, but still takes a little getting used to if you are normally an automatic guy. The 327 is beautiful on the outside, but the internals is how you know it came from the performance center. Under the first picture this is what it says, The Performance Center Model 327 from Smith & Wesson packs eight rounds of .357 Mag power into a very compact package. Wide range of carry positions and carry styles allow you to browse through many holster models with great retention and a covered trigger guard, either open top holsters or holsters with a thumb break. If you wanted to shoot open class in competition, all you would need is a mount, a red dot and you are set. Is there a difference between the 8 shot .357 model 327 TRR8 and the M&P R8? A common interest in all firearms is where we should be as well as protecting those rights that we have to keep them. performance center m&p 9 m2.0 crimson trace red dot optic read more; performance center m&p 9 m2.0 ported 4.25″ barrel & slide c.o.r.e. I’m holding out hope that someone shoehorns 10 rounds into one. When you are talking about a cylinder that large, the weight reduction by switching to Titanium is massive. You should call it the 357 just to screw with people’s minds. You Say, My Slide Gun Fires Every Time and I Say How Much Oil Is In Your Pocket Or How Much Sanding Did You Haft To Do On Your 700.00 Gun? 327 TRR8 M&P R8 differences? 6 months and I sold it. I started my career as a Deputy Sheriff and carried a Colt Python 4″ 357 mag. Six in my single action suits me just fine! why name an overpriced .357 after the .327 (federal mag)? This gun is ideally suited for CCW, or as a lightweight back country gun. Smith & Wesson Smith & Wesson Model 327 holsters can come in a large variety of materials and carry styles that will allow you an easy draw and re-holstering while being comfortable at all times. On Your New Holster. idiot bought one as he’s in love and carries the Chiappa Rhino. We are fortunate to have such great firearms to protect us and our families at home and at work or wherever we are. For Returning Customers, 5 Year Warranty Really an msrp of $1,309.00. The author tested the 327 with a range of bullet types, shown here. In my opinion, the S&W 327 TRR8 is the ultimate cartridge-loading tactical revolver in both the real world and the world of airguns. The Performance Center Model 327 is no exception to this. Under the first picture this is what it says, The Performance Center Model 327 from Smith & Wesson packs eight rounds of .357 Mag power into a very compact package. The 327 packs a lot of punch on a very small package. Buy it and enjoy! I am not even much of a wheel gunner, and I was able to shoot this gun reasonably well. Recover, 10% Loyalty Discount If you are in the least interested in revolvers, I suggest you drop by your local gun shop and dry fire this one. The “TRR” stands for “Tactical Rail Revolver”, and the “8” refers to the capacity. Just like the .357, the .327 needs some barrel for it to achieve its potential, and 2″ just isn’t going to do it. Best 5-shot group with the S&W 327 TRR8, sighting with a Walther MRS multi-reticle red dot sight, was an impressive 1.2 inches. What a beautiful shooter, lives in the nightstand. Trigger pull weights from revolvers don’t really translate well if you are used to shooting only automatics. You’re probably the only person that enjoys reading your blabber. Clay Martin is a former Marine and Green Beret, retiring out of 3rd Special Forces Group. With a .357 load in it, it displayed a rather impressive flash as the projectile leaves the barrel. Due to our backlog we have limited to gun model selection to the most popular models that make up more than 90% of our sales. Fortunately I bought a carry comp pro before smith discontinued it. Performance Center guns originate from standard designs or are created from the ground up. From hand cutting and fitting to fine tuning for precision, these firearms are top performers. ... Smith & Wesson Model 327 TRR8 357 Magnum 5in Matte Black Revolver - 8 Rounds. All the tough talk in print is worthless and contributes nothing. If you don’t like revolvers don’t read the article just to make the argument that you have some great other semi, who cares. Well if it comes from S&W’s Performance Center it’s going to cost but you will get what you pay for. #2 It’s got to have minimal 4 inch barrel. This S&W M327 TRR8 is supplied with two rails. New Performance Center T/C Long Range Chassis Rifle, Going the Distance with the New Performance Center…, Smith & Wesson Does .22’s Right: Performance Center…, Smith & Wesson Performance Center Model 686 Raises…, https://www.smith-wesson.com/firearms/performance-center-model-327, https://www.gunsamerica.com/Search.aspx?Keyword=327%20Performance%20Center, Going the Distance — Hornady’s 6mm Creedmoor, Garment Bag + Rifle Case? They are a bit large though. As I expect for a revolver at this price point, the grips are a very handsomely grained wood. The Smith & Wesson’s Performance Center is producing the Model 327 TRR8. .357 is the caliber of the cartridge. Forgot password? It was a .41 Mag. Around 10 tons of scandium are produced per year. I guess there has to be – some – scandium in it but I think it’s more marketing than anything. The SA trigger has zero movement in it, and breaks like a glass rod. This gun was a lot of fun to shoot. When alloyed with Scandium this metal is non porous and very strong, yet still light. Eight shots is nice, but give me 3 or 4″ please. Since you don’t know much about the 357 vs 45 I assume you don’t know a hell of a lot about English. Someone needs to proof read this article. Smith & Wesson Performance Center SW22 Victory Target Model Carbon Fiber Target Barrel Red Dot Sight 22 Long Rifle 6in Stainless Pistol - 10+1 Rounds. Smith & Wesson model 627-5 Performance Center double action revolver serial #BCF0391, 357 Magnum, 5" barrel with a bright excellent bore. A 327 M&P R8 shown above. Aluminum is too porous to stand up to heavy loads in a firearm. I bought it for many of the touted features of this 'Performance Center' revolver. The DA pull weight is 11.8 pounds, and the single action is 4.5 pounds. Home Defense, As mentioned, I don’t have a lot of trigger time on wheel guns, but this one was a joy to blaze with. Anyone who can shoot a 45 mm is a bad ass in any language. read more; performance center model 327 read more; performance center model 327 trr8 … From hand-cutting and fitting to fine tuning for precision, these firearms are top performers. I read one of the post where the Yankee Marshal approved of the S&W 327. I have a 4″ 329 44mag, they had to install a stainless insert over the cylinder gap to prevent flame cutting. It has to be some alloy of aluminum and scandium. Why not just hold the bullet with your bare hands and hit the primer with a nail? I don’t think Jerry Mikulek needs to worry about me taking his job after my performance time on the steel targets, but it was still good enough by most standards. A perfect finish of a holster is another feature. A custom mag holder will be at your side at all times and will provide you with more ammo. The Model 327 takes this into a carry-sized gun, and does it exceedingly well. Makes a long training day. Unlike many smaller revolver sights milled into the top of the frame, these are actually big enough to be useful instead of a suggestion. P.S.- I had often heard that .357 Magnum out of a short barrel was so close to .38 special in performance, that you might as well never buy a .357 snubbie. Products from the Performance Center are the ultimate expression of old-world craftsmanship blended with modern technology. Then you’re looking for Smith’s M&P R8. I have heard from many other experts that it is a waste of time using a .357 magnum in a 2 inch barrel, the gun powder does not have sufficient time to completely burn by the time the bullet is propelled. My current carry is a 5 shot M&P 357 mag but I still love my Glock, Browning hi-power, Rugers and Berettas. 527 is the 5″ Scandium Pro Shop 8 round. I Will Never Buy Another 38 or 357 and I Stake My Life on a Slide Gun That Maybe or Maybe Not Will Fire. 15, Leather Paddle Holster w Thumb Break - It. Guaranteed." In response, the Smith & Wesson Performance Center developed the Model 327 Tactical Rail Revolver in .357 Magnum with an eight-shot capacity. The grip is very pleasing to the hand, and for lack of a better term, it feels expensive. It looks like a good quality piece though. In addition to writing about guns, he is the author of “Last Son of The War God,” a novel about shooting people that deserve it. Or you can rely on the retention strap which can have several levels of retention. Not even close to true. Why not 3 inches? The wooden grips have integrated finger grooves and an attractive finish. You are still in an N Frame? Full of .38 Special, however, it is extremely comfortable to shoot. I have a snubby models 10-5, 19-3, 642-2, 15-3 and a 640-1. In inches, the 9mm comes out to about a thirty-five-and-a-half. In keeping with its purpose of CCW, the 327 has had all of its sharp edges rounded off. Yea, that S&W models include the 627 V-Comp, 929, 986 plus many Talo Limited Edition 686 and … As a PI, I’ve carried 22 LR, 32 acp., 9 mm and 38 specials depending on the job and the circumstances . Concealed Carry, A proper holster compartment fitted CC bag is a great accessory for you. 2904 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, Monday - Friday S&W Firearms Owner's Manuals[view:owners_manuals] Archived Owner's Manuals[view:owners_manuals_archived] I didn’t grow up in an era of where multiple choices of semi-autos were readily available. (Pun intended.) I doubt Smith is going to let us know what’s in that frame any time soon. At first I thought that this was going to be a .327 Federal Magnum. Area Code: 541 . Smith & Wesson Model 627-5 Performance Center .357 Magnum This Low Serial Numbered, Eight-8-Round Performance Center Pistol Serial #CNH0657 with a 5"inch Slab-Side Barrel is As-New in the Bo ...Click for more info. I have a Smith 586 L-frame, performance center, all steel, 3” top ported barrel for recoil, front night site, adjustable rear, 7-shot, 2 sets of grips (rosewood or rubber), full length steel tang which really makes a difference, all black finish, $600 two years ago. 627 is stainless. Sure would love to see high capacity revolver in a 9mm and 45mm pocket gun. You can park this gun next to your $1,000.00 Cell phone. To each his own. I got both of them for less and still had hundreds to spare over that overpriced snub nose. So Look, your smartass remarks and criticism are something we could all do without. 183, Belt Holster w Two Cant Positions - It. .357 Magnum, A proper gun belt will hold your holster and other accessories firmly without sagging. The author found the 327 to be pleasant to shoot, yet powerful defensive revolver. The MSRP? To learn more, visit https://www.smith-wesson.com/firearms/performance-center-model-327. Reading comprehension is the source of many of our problems today. What bargain with the Devil himself must have been struck to make this so? Yep, one or two rounds and you’re going to be wearing orthpoedic shirts for a while. The metal surfaces retain 99% original sat... (read more) Our Smith & Wesson Smith & Wesson Model 327 holsters are designed to minimise gun print so your carry is only known to you, their slim profile and premium stitching are a key feature. The S&W N-frame .357 magnums have been 27’s for 50 or 60 years. Seller: W1M3RZC0LL3CTABLES . :confused: I see they are both Performance Center guns but the R8 is an M&P and the 327 TRR8 isn't. Investing in one custom gun belt is better than waste money on wrong ones. Become a part of the design of your own custom made holster from scratch with the help of our master craftsman. For years I’ve read the comments and wonder why GunsAmerica continues to do these reviews. Our offer includes 49 designs of Smith & Wesson Smith & Wesson Model 327 holster with key features such as quick and easy draw and re-holstering. Please correct me if I am wrong. Revolvers, In my opinion, the S&W 327 TRR8 is the premier tactical (SWAT) revolver for the 21st Century. In the fist line of the specs it says 357 magnum yet someone asks if this is a 327 mag and goes of the rails. I cant say I have ever done a test or in a pinch trial between the calibers and in wheelers. I am not sure you will see that in the Smith and Wesson brochure, but it is a selling point to me. Smith & Wesson’s Performance Center takes one of the company’s largest revolver frames, the N-Frame, and packs eight rounds of .357 Mag firepower into its Model 627 and Model 327 designs. Yeah, it’s an aluminum alloy. UPC Code: 022188702699 You can also follow him on twitter, @offthe_res or his website, Off-The-Reservation.com, Next post: Going the Distance — Hornady’s 6mm Creedmoor, Previous post: Garment Bag + Rifle Case? Not for me. The Ruger LCR in this caliber is a sweet little pocket revolver. Products from the Performance Center are the ultimate expression of old-world craftsmanship blended with … I heard some stories about early lives for titanium barrels. Our Smith & Wesson Smith & Wesson Model 327 holsters are available in many varieties, and carry styles covering everything a gun owner needs, including IWB, OWB, Ankle, Appendix, Concealed Carry, Cross Draw, Concealment Bag, Drop Leg, Duty, Paddle, Shoulder, Small Of Back, Speedloader, Other (Molle, Pocket, ...) holster designs. The trigger job on this one is nothing short of amazing. Probably one of the reasons our Armed Forces are going to 9mm. You have to be kidding. You can choose between IWB, OWB, Ankle, Appendix, Concealed Carry, Cross Draw, Concealment Bag, Drop Leg, Duty, Paddle, Shoulder, Small Of Back, Speedloader, Other (Molle, Pocket, ...) holster designs for Smith & Wesson Model 327. The frame is also not steel, it is Scandium. It seems like every year we hear that revolvers are dead, and then every year some magic happens with the wheel guns. From hand-cutting and fitting to fine tuning for precision, these firearms are top performers. I think you main reason is a kinship with the old west. Smith & Wesson. It is denominated in inches, so it is a .45. The stubby little barrel of the 327 measures out to 2 inches in length. The take-up is smooth, with a crisp finish in DA. Craft Holsters, Craft Holsters logo and "Fit's like a glove. Nice gun at 25oz. With a 4.62″ barrel on a Ruger Single Seven, factory Federal 100 grain JSP does 1600fps over my chronograph. I hate it when I’ve got a headache before the video clip is over. The barrel itself is only 2 inches long, which probably isn’t going to win you any metallic silhouette contests. All rights reserved. In order to make this gun carry friendly, the 327 features a titanium cylinder and barrel shroud. Not being a seasoned enthusiest, I headed over to the local range this morning to pull the trigger on my new (Performance Center) S&W 327 TRR8 .357 Magnum. 74, Leather Horizontal Shoulder Holster - It. I think the 8 round .327 is a great concept, maybe not as a primary carry, but it would make a great back-up weapon. The Ammo is Much Cheaper and Plentiful. With the Smith & Wesson Performance Center TRR8, you can mount a red dot optic and a decent flashlight and see both your porcine prey and your dot. Unfortunately I have a Colt Python and all wheel guns are held up to that for comparison and come away lacking. when I’m pacing my six-shooter. We offer Leather, Nylon Smith & Wesson Model 327 holsters. .38 Special, Wide range of carry positions and carry styles allow you to browse through many holster models with great retention and a covered trigger guard, either open top holsters or holsters with a thumb break. The real strength I see in this gun is exactly its versatility. I don’t own a “Wheel Gun” never will ! Answer: Have you ever compared the ballistics and reliability of a .357 mag. Image courtesy of the manufacturer. All downloadable content is subject to change and is provided here for reference purposes only. As a private investigator and former NRA certified instructor, I have carried a variety of handguns for 33 years on the job. © 2020 CraftHolsters.com. True story. The common 45 is not a mm. If I woke up tomorrow and could only have one pistol for the rest of time, this would be a top contender. I would assume you are talking about .45 ACP but the.45 (Long) Colt is also a possibility. Please contact our customer support representatives for the most up to date information at 1-800-331-0852 Ext. The 327 is everything you could ever want in a personal protection gun if you are a wheel gun fan. Remember the old saying - there is never enough ammo. From the little shooting I have done, the action appears quite smooth - but I don't want to comment any further until I have had a chance to really wring it out. There is not one #1 firearm other than the one you have when you need it. The author is describing a revolver that has been around for quite some time from the S&W performance center. I am a S&W revolver guy. I appreciate your openness to revolvers, but a decent focus would be nice too. $1,199.99. Performance Center guns originate from standard designs or are created from the ground up. 184. Hornady, Can this snub revolver safely shoot 9mm loads without spitting to much or at all. Appreciate the gift. smith-wesson.com FEATURES I will stick with my Glock 23 or 27 in .40 cal. Then there’s the revolver haters and the semi lovers. The Performance Center Model 327 from Smith & Wesson packs eight rounds of .357 Mag power into a very compact package. If I could afford this one, I’d have this one too, great article. Our offer includes 49 designs of Smith & Wesson Smith & Wesson Model 327 holster with key features such as quick and easy draw and re-holstering. Known the world over for their unique design and uncompromising quality, Smith & Wesson's master gunsmiths built the Model 327 from the ground up-combining old world hand craftsmanship with modern technology to create an extremely accurate, high performance model designed for the most demanding shooters. Browse our whole selection of Smith & Wesson Holsters. A 45mm would throw a slug about 1.8″ in diameter and would be a hoss for recoil. We answered a Community Challenge from the Affordable Armory channel "If I could only have one gun" by offering an opinion that the S&W Model 327 TRR8 would, in our opinion, be the best do-everything gun -- but we didn't have one. Well, now we do, so this is an unboxing and first look. A gun this size chambered in 327 federal with ten shots would be interesting with less recoil and still lethal. And I think you meant “have,” not “Haft” and “semi,” not “simi.” Is English your second language? 143, Leather IWB Holster with Steel Clip - It. To fit the cylinder, the 327 still requires an N-sized frame. With big-bore performance, size does matter. Choose the right accessories below that will enhance your carry. Terrible in action. No Argument Here With Me, Save The Simi’s For Long Guns. Amazing you knew exactly what haft was. Wake up America. Feature Articles, 42/22, Vertical Roto Shoulder Holster w Double Mag Pouch - It. It has a 5″ barrel with the same 8-round .357 capacity. Well, Moron 45 has been on market for years and they already make a 45 pocket revolver…and the ammo is less than 357…and because it’s a very popular round it’s available everywhere and you can buy it in bulk. This is not only useful, but it makes for a very sharp looking gun. Smith & Wesson's Performance Center combines old world hand craftsmanship with modern technology to create an extremely accurate, high performance model designed for the most demanding shooters.The Model 327 features a titanium cylinder and 5" barrel, PC trigger with stop and tuned action, and a scandium frame.