http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00538, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2020.104918, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2020.103063, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2019.11.030, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2019.104671, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2019.06.048, https://doi.org/10.1080/02726351.2019.1639866, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2018.05.159, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-018-7322-8, https://doi.org/10.1080/10408436.2016.1244642, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.08.006, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.04.063, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1066362217040026, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.01.047, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2014.04.004, https://doi.org/10.1080/00102200903462490. Kinetic analysis of the thermal decomposition of liquid ammonium nitrate based on thermal analysis and detailed reaction simulations. Comparative evaluation of thermal decomposition behavior and thermal stability of powdered ammonium nitrate under different atmosphere conditions. Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID. Notably, the concentration profiles of all species measured could be satisfactorily predicted by the existing [H,N,O]-mechanism with the heterogeneous initiation process. Industrial production of Ammonium nitrate is based on an acid-base reaction between ammonia and nitric acid. Additionally, a matrix is needed to act as a heat conveyor in the presence of sufficient heat. The explosion caused 29 deaths and serious … I. Trifonov, A. E. Miroslavov. Metal oxide nanoparticles as catalyst for thermal behavior of AN based composite solid propellant. All ammonium nitrate plants produce an aqueous ammonium nitrate solution through the reaction of ammonia and nitric acid in a neutralizer. J. Inhalation of large amounts causes systemic acidosis and abnormal hemoglobin. You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley! Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Severe accidents, such as violent explosion of ammonium nitrate or decomposition of nitrous oxide, have occurred at facilities producing nitrous oxide from ammonium nitrate. Combust. The remaining gases are H2 … 4th Int. The thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate, NH4NO3 (AN), in the gas phase has been studied at 423−56 K by pyrolysis/mass spectrometry under low-pressure conditions using a Saalfeld reactor coated with boric acid. Condensed-phase pyrolysis mechanism of ammonium nitrate based on detailed kinetic model. Ingestion: Large oral doses of nitrates may cause dizziness, abdominal pain, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, weakness, convulsions, and collapse. The reaction is summarized as: HNO 3 + NH 3 → NH 4 NO 3. Tzu-Ray Shan, Adri C. T. van Duin, and Aidan P. Thompson . A molecule of Nitric acid (acidic) joins together with a molecule of ammonia (basic) to form a single molecule of ammonium nitrate. 11. Find more information about Crossref citation counts. Zhi-Xiang Xu, Gui-Sheng Xu, Xiao-Qi Fu, Qian Wang. from the ACS website, either in whole or in part, in either machine-readable form or any other form Ibukun Oluwoye, Bogdan Z. Dlugogorski, Jeff Gore, Hans C. Oskierski, Mohammednoor Altarawneh. Progress and Prospective of Nitrogen-Based Alternative Fuels. The decomposition reactions have a complex nature, thus reducing the predictability of the hazardous properties of a fertiliser. Since the homogeneous decomposition reaction of HNO3 itself was found to be too slow to account for the consumption of reactants and the formation of products, we also introduced the heterogeneous decomposition of HNO3 in our kinetic modeling. Electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. The composition of gaseous decomposition products of ammonium nitrate in various hydrocarbons is reported in Tables IV and V. The most notable departure from neat ammonium nitrate decomposition is the production of CO2 and the marked decrease in nitrous oxide with concomitant increase in N2. Tianxiang Yin, Jiequn Wu, Shuzhen Wang, Weiguo Shen. In addition nitrous oxide gas in elevated concentrations can cause health effects in operators which should be prevented. At high temperatures, exposure to toxic nitrogen oxides decomposition products can quickly cause acute respiratory problems. Thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate is complex and can follow different routes. Mafalda Valdez Lancinha Pereira, David Berthout, Carolina Petitto, Gérard Delahay, Stéphane Raux, Séverine Rousseau. Stefania Cagnina, Patricia Rotureau, Guillaume Fayet, Carlo Adamo. Typical products are Ammonium Nitrate (AN) and Calcium Ammonium Nitrate (CAN), which are mixtures of AN and dolomite/limestone/calcium carbonate, and Ammonium Sulphate/Ammonium Nitrate (ASN) mixtures. Ibukun Oluwoye, Mohammednoor Altarawneh, Jeff Gore, Bogdan Z. Dlugogorski. Proc. The thermal decomposition reactions of ammonium nitrate (AN) are reviewed. The catalytic investigation of nanoferrites on the thermal decomposition behavior of AN-based composite solid propellant. Analyses of the thermal characteristics and gaseous products of guanidine nitrate/basic copper nitrate mixtures using calorimetry with high resolution mass spectrometry. The products of the combustion of ammonium nitrate itself will be every conceivable combination of nitric and nitrous oxides, nitric acid, and so on. x The application of ammonium nitrate in the production … The CO2 gas is absorbed in NH4OH solution to form ammonium bicarbonate. The Norwegian cargo ship Ocean Liberty was loaded with 3,309 tonnes of ammonium nitrate and various flammable products when it caught fire at 12:30 July 28, 1947. The primary reaction when it breaks down produces nitrogen, water vapour and oxygen. Ammonium and nitrate ions as RedOx components are needed together with a catalyst in a concentrated narrow zone. The explosive nature of ammonium nitrate is due to its decomposition into gaseous products (nitrogen, H 2 O vapor, and oxygen) and also due to the exothermic nature of the reaction. Ventilation system designs differ from employer to employer based on building size, outside environmental conditions, the amount of ammonium nitrate stored, and the selected design approach. ½Œ¾m‚io—¶Ë¬A'åü+Ÿ¯\†6?`¾•O8šë—úà0$Ë&¢>Xİßñ Yqóı­Ş Am. involving ammonium nitrate cannot be extinguished by the prevention or air ingress (for example, smouldering with steam) because of the in situ provision of oxygen from the ammonium nitrate itself. production of nitrous oxide (anesthetics), the safety field also became attentive to this as a consequence of the underlying explosion risks associated with handling, transport and storage of the material, especially when subjected to elevated temperatures. E. K. Legin, M. L. Khokhlov, Yu. 25 publications. The decomposition reaction can be summarized as DOI: 10.1021/jp9058005. without permission from the American Chemical Society. These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. Ammonium nitrate decomposes in an exothermic reaction (ΔH = –36 kJ mol −1) to produce three moles of gaseous products for each mole of solid reactant: (1) NH 4 … Toxicological information Acute Toxicity Product Information Component Information Component LD50 Oral LD50 Dermal LC50 Inhalation Ammonium nitrate LD50 = 2217 mg/kg ( Rat ) Not … NFPA. The American Chemical Society holds a copyright ownership interest in any copyrightable Supporting Development of a ReaxFF Reactive Force Field for Ammonium Nitrate and Application to Shock Compression and Thermal Decomposition. Nitrous Oxide Plant, Nitrous Oxide Produce, Nitrous Oxide Factory manufacturer / supplier in China, offering The Production Equipment of Ammonium Nitrate of Thermal Decomposition Method, 200ml Cga540 Oxygen Regulator 0-4L/8L/15L/25lpm, Polyurethane Swivel Caster Wheel for Oxygen Cylinder Trolley and so on. Ammonium Nitrate Temperature-Programmed Decomposition on Fe-Zeolite Catalysts: Effect of Deposition Method. 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