Try to employ some divergent questions and let me know how it goes with your students! Students cannot look it up in their book. Divergent thinking in children is an exceptional gift.Their open mind is full of possibilities and unusual, original, and constant idiosyncratic reasoning. The key tool in brainstorm So, before you make a decision, remember to ask yourself if … insights at unusual times and places. It isthe initial stage of creative problem solving where learners ... or “Andrew’s question”). We rarely have enough information to make the one right choice. Also called: ‘Thinking … Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. They can absolutely answer it, but it’s going to take some nice, juicy thinking. Divergent thinking is a form of creative … To begin brainstorming potential topics, it is often helpful to engage in self analysis and topic analysis. When free-writing, a person will focus on one particular topic and write non-stop about it for a short period of time. the main topic which represent different parts or aspects of the main topic. In the design world—where we’re constantly employing design thinking in our work—both approaches are necessary and lead to unique solutions for challenges that require exploration and creativity.. Divergent and convergent thinking are both methods of thinking … One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. What do I like? They do not prod divergent thinking. 4. What suggestions or recommendations would you make about. The student is either bored or frustrated. Byrdseed.TV's registration window is now open. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … The “divergent” level is our focus. Perhaps they did not exist ever before and so are novel, surprising or unusual. Divergent thinking, on the other hand, starts with a prompt that encourages students to think critically, diverging towards distinct answers. Other questions ask about uses for a shoe or coat hanger. The goal of brainstorming is to generate as many ideas as possible in a short period of time. One starts with a central idea or topic, then draws branches off To encourage divergent thinking, I avoid questions that have only one acceptable answer. According to Webb, information falls within four distinct depths of knowledg… Can you believe that, through our time loving Tris and Four, wishing we could pass initiation, and generally living vicariously through Veronica Roth’s words, that we have never had a Divergent quiz designed to find what faction we belong in? Divergent questions encourage you to stretch your thinking beyond what you know to be true. Divergent Questions. It’s worth highlighting that, while there are many possible right answers, not all answers are correct. Many responses can be given. Let’s break this down. Journals are an effective way to record ideas that one thinks of spontaneously. However, sometimes that creative potential disappears when children grow up in an educational system that standardizes the mindset of all students, unifying their perspectives. The goal of divergent thinking is to generate many different ideas about a topic in a short period of time. Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking, Differences; Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking; The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. The Question and Answer sections of our study guides are a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss literature. Mind or subject mapping involves putting brainstormed ideas in the form of a visual map or picture that that shows the relationships among these ideas. Divergent thinkers might come up with ideas that involve hundreds of paper clips, since the question never mentions how many you can use. Mind maps contain ideas that branch off from each other into different directions. Ready for your Quiz? During the brainstorming process, ALL ideas are recorded, and no idea is disregarded or criticized. Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique in which ideas from different fields or participants are brought together (synthesized) to find a single optimum solution to a clearly defined problem. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. ious ideas back together in some organized, structured way. Norman Webb developed a hierarchy of cognitive complexity when it comes to performing assessments. Defining Divergent Thinking The word divergent is partly defined as “tending to be different or develop in different directions.” Divergent thinking refers to the way the mind generates ideas beyond proscribed expectations and rote thinking—what is usually referred to thinking outside the box, and is often associated with creativity. Doesn’t a chimera remind you of seeing the various possibilities? It is employed to stimulate divergent thinking that considers a variety of outcomes to a certain proposal. Nov 9, 2020 - Explore Ms. Gaudun's Education Resourc's board "Divergent Thinking" on Pinterest. It can be highly productive to think differently, and it pays off in the long run. So when we ask a divergent question, we need enough uncertainty to force students to fill those gaps in as best they can. It involves breaking a topic down into its various component parts in order to gain insight about the various aspects of the topic. Divergent questions, on the other hand, stimulate student creative or critical thinking, encouraging students to be better observers. This tactic is called divergent thinking, and it gets students to come up with several answers to a question and decide which is the best, most useful one. Lateral Thinking. In divergent thinking, a single question returns multiple answers, and though the answers vary considerably depending on the person, all answers are of equal value. What if X happened instead, what would that lead to? Substitute your topic for the word "something.". We have to make reasonable guesses, fill in gaps, and make predictions — despite uncertainty. By keeping a journal, one can capture these ideas and use them later when developing and organizing materials in the prewriting stage. Mind or Subject Mapping. Read on to take a look at divergent thinking, why it’s important, and how it differs from its opposite, convergent thinking. Therefore convergent questions are designed to try and help you find the solution to a problem, or a single response to a question. The idea is to write down whatever comes to mind about the topic, without stopping to proofread or revise the From this perspective divergent thinking is a kind of problem solving. thinking. What are my areas of expertise? It’s perfect for going beyond mere memorization to true thinking. Divergent thinking is generating unique solutions and seeing various possibilities in response to questions and problems. Contrast this question with the more common “Why was the Spanish Armada defeated?” — a mere memory question (even though it might take a whole essay to answer fully). What does this mean? What bothers me? These are the sorts of questions innovators and scientists use when they are looking for new ideas or alternative solutions to problems. Suppose Z were in charge, how would that change things? In fact, it is also a type of thinking very common in children, where joy, imagination, and a fresh perspective make their reasoning more free. As I wrote in The Non-Obvious Guide to Being More Creative, No Matter Where You Work, “divergent thinking helps us generate many new ideas, imagine, be original, ask questions to … Everything written here is licensed as CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted. It is a spontaneous, fluid, non-linear mental approach based on curiosity and nonconformity. “Data-poor situations” are times when we just don’t know enough to be sure. Keeping a Journal. 2. Imagination neurons are diminished by "Drill and kill" questions. que their value or merit. 5 Exercises to Help Boost Creativity, Divergent Thinking Where do our best ideas come from? (Watch Sir Ken Robinson’s speech on Changing Education Paradigms .) What are my activities during a normal day? Defining Divergent Thinking Create solutions to problems. To begin brainstorming potential topics, it is often helpful to engage in self analysis and topic analysis. Read more about encouraging intrinsic motivation. Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the var There’s no one correct answer (although there are definitely incorrect answers). It’s perfect for going beyond mere memorization to true thinking. Divergent – These questions allow students to explore different avenues and create many different … inking typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner, such that the ideas are generated in a random, unorganized fashion. This creates a visual image or "map" of the topic which the writer can use to develop the topic further. ing is "piggybacking," or using one idea to stimulate other ideas. The “divergent” level is our focus. each of those four branches may have two branches of its own (sub-topics Ask the following questions to help brainstorm a list of potential topics. Life is data-poor! It is an open-ended question that allows the … A divergent question is asked without an attempt to reach a direct or specific conclusion. Linear thinking, or convergent thinking, is about learning facts, follow instructions, and solving problems with one right answer. Don't have time to create differentiated lessons? of the sub-topic) *Note* this includes both divergent and convergent Let’s take a look at James Gallagher and Mary Jane Ascher’s four types of questions: (Head here for a deeper look at all four of Gallagher and Ascher’s questions). I'll send you one or two emails a month to help you better understand and differentiate for gifted students. Brainstorming. The terms convergent and divergent thinking are derived from the original five kinds of operations (orintellectual processes) within the operations dimension of intelligence developed by Guilford: Convergent production (now called convergent thinking) means taking pieces of information to arrive at a single solution. Divergent questions are often based around hypotheticals: I’ve written before about my favorite shortcut to divergence: what would X think about Y? I’ve been writing about the difference between thinking and mere remembering and wanted to provide some go to tactics for moving students towards thinking. Think of how much more fun it is to read the responses to these divergent questions than memory questions! This reflects adult life pretty well! As it turns out, science says there are a number of ways to help prime the brain for divergent thinking. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. Brainstorming is a technique which involves generating a list of ideas in a creative, unstructured manner. For example, a topic may have four different branches (sub-topics), and 3. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Examples of divergent questions might involve imagining hypothetical situations and the choices of possible actions during individual circumstances. Home Divergent Q & A Ask a question and get answers from your fellow students and educators. Byrdseed.TV is packed with pre-made resources to save you time (and delight your students). – including a fabulous math example. What would the world be like today? The second question (List as many words as you can that rhyme with 'lead') is an example of divergent thinking. These open-ended questions can guide students as they discover information for themselves, analyze data, make inferences, and identify relationships. Imagine that C was not true anymore, how would that affect this. writing. the difference between thinking and mere remembering, Head here for a deeper look at all four of Gallagher and Ascher’s questions, Expressive Thought by Gifted Children in the Classroom, How would The Little Prince have judged Brian from, Thinking or Remembering: Abstract and Concrete, Fluency: Asking For (Way) More Than One Answer, articles about Thinking or Remembering? →, Convergent: questions with one right answer, everyone gets to the same place, Divergent: questions without a clear right answer, everyone goes in different directions, Evaluative: questions that ask students to make a judgment. Zig where others zag. When I asked my students, “How would The Little Prince have judged Brian from Hatchet‘s actions?” there were lots of ways to be right, but also clearly wrong answers. People often have This can help generate a variety of thoughts about a topic in a short period of time, which can later be restructured or organized following some pattern of arrangement. Summary: Using both Convergent and Divergent Thinking. In divergent thinking, a single question returns multiple answers, and though the answers vary considerably depending on the person, all answers are of equal value. By carrying a journal, one can create a collection of thoughts on various subjects that later become a source book of ideas. Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the var ious ideas back together in some organized, structured way. What am I studying in school? Here’s a sample from Gallagher and Ascher: What if Spain had not been defeated when the Armada was destroyed in 1588, and Spain went on to conquer England. The question, “in what ways can a brick be used” allows divergent thinking. Women might come up with a … Freewriting. From Expressive Thought by Gifted Children in the Classroom by Gallagher and Ascher. What do I know about? Ask the following questions to help narrow and refine a broad topic into a specific, focused one. After a long list of ideas is generated, one can go back and review the ideas to criti Divergent thinking, or lateral thinking, is about generating multiple creative solutions to the same problem. Divergent thinking is the process of generating multiple ideas to maximize the range of possible solutions, applications, examples, etc. What would happen if we switched A and B? If this took place today, what would it be like? 1. There doesn’t have to be a lot of logic used when you are in “divergent thinking” mode. Divergent and Convergent Thinking. What are my hobbies? That is a question for the alternative uses test of divergent thinking. Divergent thinking allows you to see products in materials in new and different ways. Divergent and convergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore ideas, work towards goals, and address challenges. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. Divergent thinking is generating unique solutions and seeing various possibilities in response to questions and problems. These questions are also sometimes called OPEN questions. This naturally leads to different students making different choices and going in different directions (the definition of divergence). Most questions with only one answer are too easy or too hard. … Self Analysis. This situation is “data-poor” since it didn’t actually happen! Divergent th Here’s Gallagher and Ascher’s explanation: [In divergent thinking,] the individual is free to generate independently [their] own data within a data-poor situation or to take a new direction or perspective on a given topic. What are my interests? Tricks to Remember Them Divergent thinking involves using creativity to solve problems and works best with open-ended questions. What would I like to change in my world or life? Perhaps they did not exist ever before and so are novel, surprising or unusual. How do I spend my time? See more ideas about divergent thinking, divergent, this or that questions. Please contact me with questions or comments at: firstname.lastname@example.org. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer. Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. Divergent questions combine rigor and creativity. What are my strongest beliefs, values and philosophies? How do we create divergent questions? As you can see, the prompts -- in the form of guiding questions -- are open-ended and typically require thinking at … Divergent thinking is employed when an individual is faced with an open-ended task (examples were given earlier—“How can a brick be used?”).